Criminal Protection Of Private Life On Internet In International And UAE Conventions And Treaties

الحماية الجنائية للحياة الخاصة عبر الإنترنت في المواثيق والمعاهدات الدولية والإماراتية

  • Hamad Saeed Mubarak Alshamisi Ph.D student
  • Muhammad Najib Abdullah Senior Lecturer
  • Intan Nadia Ghulam Khan Senior Lecturer
Keywords: Criminal, Protection, Private, Life, Internet

Abstract

The study aims to identify the criminal protection of private life on internet in international and UAE conventions and treaties. The researcher used the descriptive analytical approach. The study has resulted in many results: [1] The private life of individuals enjoys legal protection by the legislation of different countries, because the privacy of persons is important to the entity of society and the individual. With this consideration, it is necessary to understand what is meant by the right to private life in international legislation. [2] The legal procedures against cybercrime related to the criminal protection of private life via the Internet dealt with the tightening of penalties by Law No. (5) of 2012 in Article (21) that it is illegal to attack a person’s privacy by eavesdropping, recording, transmitting, broadcasting, disclosing conversations or Communications, audio or video materials, taking pictures of others, or publishing news or data. [3] The international community has established the right to private life as a privilege to be protected and is protected by a set of laws, regulations, decrees and resolutions issued with the aim of strengthening and ensuring its security, such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the European Convention on Human Rights in 1950 and the Arab Charter on Human Right. Recommendations: [1] There must be agreed international legislation to confront the dangers that surround private life, as long as the goal is the same, which is to respect human rights and preserve dignity. [2] The UAE legislator should amend the laws issued to protect the privacy of people online. This aims to impose stricter penalties on those who commit crimes against private life through the use of an informational means.

ملخص البحث
تهدف الدراسة إلى التعرف على الحماية الجنائية للحياة الخاصة عبر الإنترنت في المواثيق والمعاهدات الدولية والإماراتية، وقد استخدم الباحث المنهج الوصفي التحليلي، حيث أسفرت الدراسة عن عدد من النتائج: [1] إن الحياة الخاصة للأفراد تتمتع بحماية قانونية بتشريعات الدول المتغايرة, لجسامة خصوصية الأشخاص على كيان المجتمع والفرد سويًا, وبذلك الاعتبار يلزم فهم المراد من الحق في الحياة الخاصة بالتشريعات الدولية. [2] تناولت الإجراءات القانونية ضد الجرائم الإلكترونية التي تخص الحماية الجنائية للحياة الخاصة عبر الإنترنت تشديد العقوبات بقانون رقم (5) لسنة 2012م في المادة (21) أنه من غير قانوني الإعتداء على خصوصية شخص عن طريق استراق السمع أو تسجيل أو نقل أو بث أو إفشاء محادثات أو اتصالات أو مواد صوتية أو مرئية أو التقاط صور الغير،  أو نشر أخبار أو بيانات. [3] أن المجتمع الدولي قام  بترسيخ الحق في الحياة الخاصة حظوة بوجوب الحماية وهي محمية بمجموعة من القوانين والأنظمة والمراسيم والقرارات الصادرة بهدف تقويتها وضمان أمنها، ومن أمثلتها الإعلان العالمي بحقوق الانسان، والاتفاقية الأوروبية لحقوق الانسان عام 1950م، والميثاق العربي الخاص لحقوق الإنسان. التوصيات: [1] لابد من وجود تشريعات دولية متفق عليها لمواجهة الأخطار التي تحيط بالحياة الخاصة مادام الهدف هو واحد يتمثل في احترام حقوق الانسان وحفظ كرامته. [2] يجب على المشرع الإماراتي أن يقوم بتعديل القوانين الصادرة بشأن حماية الحياة الخاصة للأشخاص عبر الإنترنت، وذلك بهدف فرض عقوبات أكثر صرامة على من يقوم بارتكاب جرائم الاعتداء على الحياة الخاصة من خلال استخدام إحدى وسائل المعلوماتية.

Author Biographies

Hamad Saeed Mubarak Alshamisi, Ph.D student

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)

Muhammad Najib Abdullah, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM). 

Intan Nadia Ghulam Khan, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM).

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Published
2022-04-01
How to Cite
Alshamisi, H. S. M., Abdullah, M. N., & Ghulam Khan, I. N. (2022). Criminal Protection Of Private Life On Internet In International And UAE Conventions And Treaties. Perdana: International Journal of Academic Research, 13(1), 61-90. Retrieved from http://perdanajournal.com/index.php/perdanajournal/article/view/136