Overview Of Biosecurity Legislation In Malaysia

  • Nurfarhah Farhanim Shafie LLM Candidate
  • Noor Dzuhaidah Osman Senior Lecturer
Keywords: Biosecurity, Law, Biosafety, Biotechnology, Covid-19 Pandemic

Abstract

This study delves into the complexities and efficacy of the Malaysian Biosecurity Law in addressing contemporary challenges through in-depth legal analysis. It evaluates the legislation's adaptability and comprehensiveness in the face of evolving biosecurity threats. The research begins by examining the global biosecurity landscape, emphasising the growing importance of robust legal frameworks in curbing the spread of dangerous diseases and regulating the development of biotechnology. A conceptual framework outlining the critical elements of an effective biosecurity legal system is constructed through a meticulous review of existing literature. Subsequently, the study scrutinises the Malaysian Biosecurity Law and its institutional framework by carefully examining compliance with established protocols by relevant bodies and institutions. This research contributes valuable insights to the ongoing discourse on the nation's biosecurity resilience, benefiting academics, policymakers, and legal practitioners. The findings are expected to inform future legislative modifications, ensuring that Malaysia's biosecurity legal framework remains adaptable, dynamic, comprehensive, and aligned with international best practices.

Author Biographies

Nurfarhah Farhanim Shafie, LLM Candidate

Department of Syariah and Law, Faculty of Syariah and Law, Islamic Science University of Malaysia (USIM).

Noor Dzuhaidah Osman, Senior Lecturer

Department of Syariah and Law, Faculty of Syariah and Law, Islamic Science University of Malaysia (USIM).

References

Act

Biosafety Act 2007 (Act 678)

Books

Fred, Farris. (2022). Malaysia Border Security and Pandemic COVID-19. Book Chapter, 182-192, Routledge eBooks, doi: 10.4324/9781003291909-12

Herdegen, M. (2023). The international law of biotechnology: human rights, trade, patents, health and the environment. Edward Elgar Publishing.

George, M. W. (2019). The Elements of Library Research. Princeton.

Conference & Proceeding

Al-Shami, M. K., Aborujilah, A., & Abdulghafor, R. (2022, November). Covid-19 Epidemic Spread Countermeasures: Malaysian Authorities Experience. In: 2022 International Visualization, Informatics and Technology Conference (IVIT), 148-154.

Bin Hussain, Y., & Sivapragasam, A. (2008). Managing alien invasive species in Malaysia. Rice & Industrial Crops Research Center (Kelantan and Kuala Lumpur), 8-14. Environmental Science, Agricultural and Food Sciences.

Mihai, Velicof. (2020). Conceptual Delimitations in the Field of Biosecurity. International Conference Knowledge-Based Organization, 26(1):167-171.

Vilasini, Pillai., Hassan, Mat, Daud. (2020). Emerging Biosafety Capabilities in Malaysia A Country Report. 321-326. The 3rd JIRCAS Symposium: The 4th International Symposium on the Biosafety Results of Field Tests.

Zheng, H., Wang, L., Peng, W., Zhang, C., Li, C., Robinson, B. E., ... & Daily, G. C. (2019). Realizing the values of natural capital for inclusive, sustainable development: Informing China’s new ecological development strategy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(17), 8623-8628.

Document

National Biosafety Policy 2011

Malaysia’s National Biotechnology Policy 2.0 (DBN 2.0) 2022

Journal

Al Shehri, S. A., Al-Sulaiman, A. M., Azmi, S., & Alshehri, S. S. (2022). Bio-safety and bio- security: A major global concern for ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 29(1), 132-139.

Assefa, B. (2022). Biosecurity: Bioexclusion and Biocontainment Measures as Effective Poultry Health Management Strategy. Preprints. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202201.0461.v1

Bielecka, A., & Mohammadi, A. A. (2014). State-of-the-art in biosafety and biosecurity in European countries. Archivum immunologiae et therapiae experimentalis, 62, 169-178.

Cicero, A., Meyer, D., Shearer, M. P., AbuBakar, S., Bernard, K., Carus, W. S., Chong, C. K., Fischer, J., Hynes, N., Inglesby, T., Kwa, C. G., Makalinao, I., Pangestu, T., Sitompul, R., Soebandrio, A., Sudarmono, P., Tjen, D., Wibulpolprasert, S., & Yunus, Z. (2019). Southeast Asia Strategic Multilateral Dialogue on Biosecurity. Emerging infectious diseases, 25(5), e181659.

Dao, K., Tarangelo, J. P., Epting, M., Keita, A., Mariko, K., Danskin, K., ... & Perkins, D. (2022). Building a culture of biosafety, biosecurity and responsible conduct in the life sciences: a view from Mali. J. Biosecur. One Health, 1, 1-13.

Derek, Armstrong. (2014). Biosecurity: making an intangible tangible. Veterinary Journal, 199(2):199-200.

Hirman, I. H., Hassim, M. H., Ismail, N. E., & Mahmud, H. (2023). Development Of Preventive Countermeasures To Combat Covid-19 Pandemic In Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises In Malaysia. Journal of Energy and Safety Technology (JEST), 6(1), 26-31.

Huber, N., Andraud, M., Sassu, E. L., Prigge, C., Zoche-Golob, V., Käsbohrer, A., ... & Burow, E. (2022). What is a biosecurity measure? A definition proposal for animal production and linked processing operations. One Health, 15, 100433.

Hulme, P. E. (2020). One Biosecurity: A unified concept to integrate human, animal, plant, and environmental health. Emerging Topics in Life Sciences, 4(5), 539-549.

Kalidasan, V., & Theva Das, K. (2021). Is Malaysia Ready for Human Gene Editing: A Regulatory, Biosafety and Biosecurity Perspective. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 9, 649203.

MacLeod, A., & Spence, N. (2020). Biosecurity: tools, behaviours and concepts. Emerging Topics in Life Sciences, 4(5), 449-452.

Marina, Abdul, Majid. (2020). A gene synthesis regime for Malaysia to emulate in securing future bioprinted vaccines. MALIM: Jurnal Pengajian Umum Asia Tenggara, 21(1):79-101.

Militzer, N., McLaws, M., Rozstalnyy, A., Li, Y., Dhingra, M., Auplish, A., ... & Heilmann, M. (2023). Characterising Biosecurity Initiatives Globally to Support the Development of a Progressive Management Pathway for Terrestrial Animals: A Scoping Review. Animals, 13(16), 2672.

N., H., Bingham., Gareth, Enticott., Steve, Hinchliffe. (2008). Biosecurity: Spaces, Practices, and Boundaries. Environment and Planning A, 40(7):1528-1533.

Osman, N. D., & Jen-T’chiang, N. C. (2022). Asean And Biosecurity Law: Experience and Dilemmas Of Regional Integration In Southeast Asia. East Asia: Facts and Analytics, 3, 58-72.

Othman, I. W., Mokhtar, S., & Pullong, A. (2022). The Relevance of Implementing Comprehensive Security Concept (COMSEC) towards the Endemic Era of Covid-19. International Journal of Law, Government and Communication, 7 (29), 533-555.

Renault, V., Humblet, M. F., & Saegerman, C. (2021). Biosecurity concept: Origins, evolution and perspectives. Animals, 12(1), 63.

Renault, V., Humblet, M. F., Pham, P. N., & Saegerman, C. (2021). Biosecurity at cattle farms: Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Pathogens, 10(10), 1315.

Robertson, I. D. (2020). Disease control, prevention and on-farm biosecurity: the role of veterinary epidemiology. Engineering, 6(1), 20-25.

Rutjes, S. A., Vennis, I. M., Wagner, E., Maisaia, V., & Peintner, L. (2023). Biosafety and biosecurity challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 11, 1117316.

Singh, P. S. K. (2022). Analysis on Malaysian Non-Performing Loans and Financing Sale, Effects of Covid-19 and its Legal and Regulatory Framework. International Journal of Advanced Research in Economics and Finance, 4(2), 1-11.

Suada, A., Džogović., Vedat, Bajrami. (2023). Qualitative research methods in science and higher education. Human, 13(1), 156-166.

Subramaniam, T. S. (2014). Legislations on biosecurity: compliance challenges for Malaysian scientists. Journal of Biosecurity, Biosafety, and Biodefense Law, 5(1), 5-13.

Udo, Kelle., Günter, Tempel. (2020). Understanding through qualitative methods - the contribution of interpretative social research to health reporting. Bundesgesundheitsblatt-gesundheitsforschung-gesundheitsschutz, 63(9), 1126-1133.

Wang A. (2021). Opportunities and challenges after biosecurity legislation - What we can and should do in environmental science and ecotechnology? Environmental science and ecotechnology, 6, 100095.

Wang, W., Feng, C., Liu, F., & Li, J. (2020). Biodiversity conservation in China: A review of recent studies and practices. Environmental Science and Ecotechnology, 2, 100025.

Wittich, R. M., & González, B. (2016). Editorial overview: Environmental biotechnology–quo vadis? Curr Opin Biotechnol, 38, viii-viix.

Youssef, D. M., Wieland, B., Knight, G. M., Lines, J., & Naylor, N. R. (2021). The effectiveness of biosecurity interventions in reducing the transmission of bacteria from livestock to humans at the farm level: A systematic literature review. Zoonoses and public health, 68(6), 549-562.

Website

Belgian Biosafety Server. https://www.biosafety.be/content/biosecurity (accessed on 22 January 2024).

Berita Harian. COVID-19: 20,696 jangkitan kes baharu seminggu. https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/nasional/2023/12/1190183/covid-19-20696- jangkitan- kes-baharu-seminggu (accessed on 22 January 2024).

Biosecurity Law of China. http://www.npc.gov.cn/npc/c30834/202010/bb3bee5122854893a69acf4005a66059.shtml (accessed on 22 January 2024).

Brussels. Questions and answers on the Communication on Biotechnology and Biomanufacturing. European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en./qanda_24_1571 (accessed on 22 January 2024).

Department of Biosafety. http://www.biosafety.gov.my/ (accessed on 22 January 2024).

Ministry of Health Malaysia. https://covid-19.moh.gov.my/terkini (accessed on 22 January 2024).

Ministry of Health Malaysia. https://covid-19.moh.gov.my/terkini/122020/situasi-terkini-covid-19-di-malaysia-31122020 (accessed on 22 January 2024).

Ministry of Health Malaysia. https://covid-19.moh.gov.my/terkini/2021/08/situasi-terkini-covid-19-di-malaysia-21082021 (accessed on 22 January 2024).

Pur News and Stories (Global Biodiversity and Nature-Positive Development). https://www.pur.co/news-stories/global-biodiversity-and-nature-positive-development/ (accessed on 22 January 2024).

Ronit Langer, Shruti Sharma. (2020). The Blessing and Curse of Biotechnology: A Primer On Biosafety and Biosecurity. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. https://carnegieendowment.org/2020/11/20/blessing-and-curse-of-biotechnology-primer-on-biosafety-and-biosecurity-pub-83252 (accessed on 22 January 2024).

The official portal of parliament of Malaysia. House of Representatives-Bills. https://www.parlimen.gov.my/billsdewan-rakyat.html?&uweb=dr&arkib=yes&lang=en (accessed on 22 January 2024).

The Parliament of Malaysia. Act No. 678, 2007. Biosafety Act 2007. https://www.vertic.org/media/National%20Legislation/Malaysia/MY_Biosafety_Act.pdf (accessed on 22 January 2024).

Published
2024-04-29
How to Cite
Shafie, N. F., & Osman, N. D. (2024). Overview Of Biosecurity Legislation In Malaysia . Perdana: International Journal of Academic Research, 19(1), 1-12. Retrieved from http://perdanajournal.com/index.php/perdanajournal/article/view/192

Most read articles by the same author(s)