Availability Of Content Standards Of The National Council Of Mathematics Teachers (NCTM): Applied Study In Mathematics Courses For Grades 6, 7 And 8 In Oman: Analytical Descriptive Study

مدى توافر معايير المحتوى للمجلس القومي لمعلمي الرياضيات : دراسة تطبيقية في مقررات الرياضيات للصفوف 6، 7 و8 بسلطنة عمان

  • Salman Ali Said al Gardani Officer
Keywords: Content, Standards, Teachers, Mathematics, Grades

Abstract

This analytical study aims at diagnosing the availability of content standards issued by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) in the content of mathematics books in the Sultanate, which is scheduled for the sixth, seventh and eighth grades. The problem is shown in the low scores of eighth graders in Oman in the International Mathematics and Science Test (TIMSS), with 19% of students answering this question. In addition to the fact that the researcher teaches mathematics books in the second cycle of basic education, in response to the recommendations of the studies, and the recommendations of the conferences and seminars, it became necessary to develop mathematics courses in the Sultanate of Oman. Using the analysis card for the field of “numbers and operations” that contains (3) criteria and (14) indicators; the content of the eighth grade showed less content consistent with (NCTM) standards, where (5) indicators were not available. In the sixth grade, (4) indicators were not available and (3) indicators in seventh grade were missing. The researcher recommended the need to develop mathematics courses for grades 6, 7 and 8.

ملخص البحث
تهدف هذه الدراسة التحليلية، إلى تشخيص مدى توافر معايير المحتوى الصادرة عن المجلس القومي لمعلمي الرياضيات في محتوى كتب الرياضيات بالسلطنة والمقررة على صفوف السادس والسابع والثامن. تظهر المشكلة في تدني النتائج التحصيلية للرياضيات لطلاب الصف الثامن بالسلطنة، في اختبار الدولي للرياضيات والعلوم، حين أجاب 19% من الطلبة عن سؤال ورد فيه كما أن معايشة الباحث لكتب الرياضيات في الحلقة الثانية من التعليم الأساسي، واستجابة لتوصيات الدراسات، وتوصيات المؤتمرات والندوات؛ فقد أصبح من الضروري تطوير مقررات الرياضيات في سلطنة عمان. ومن خلال منهج تحليل المحتوى لمقررات الرياضيات للفصول الثلاثة، وباستخدام بطاقة التحليل لمجال الأعداد والعمليات التي تحتوي على (3) معايير و(14) مؤشرا؛ ظهر أن محتوى الصف الثامن أقل المحتويات اتساقا مع معايير
(NCTM)

حيث لم تتوافر فيه (5) مؤشرات. وفي الصف السادس لم تتوافر (4) مؤشرات. وغابت (3) مؤشرات في مقرر الفصل السابع. وأوصى الباحث ضرورة تطوير مقررات الرياضيات للصفوف السادس والسابع والثامن.

Author Biography

Salman Ali Said al Gardani, Officer

Ministry of Education in the Sultanate of Oman

References

Abid, Adnan Salim. 2001. Mada Ittisaq Muhtawa al-Ihsa’ Fi Kutub al-Riyadiyyat al-Madrasiyyah Bi Sultanah Umman Ma‘a Ma‘ayir al-Majlis al-Qawmiyy Li Mu‘allimi al-Riyadiyyat. Majallah Tarbawiyyat al-Riyadiyyat. Jami‘at al-Zaqaziq, Kulliyyat al-Tarbiyah Bi Banha. Al-Adad al-Rabi‘.
Abid, Walim. 2004. Ta‘lim al-Riyadiyyat Li Jami‘ al-Atfal Fi Daw’ Mutatallabat al-Ma‘ayir Wa Thaqafat al-Tafkir. Amman: Dar al-Masirah Li al-Nasr Wa al-Tawzi‘ Wa al-Tiba‘ah.
Abidah, Nasir al-Sayyid Abd al-Hamid. 2006. Tatwir Manhaj al-Riyadiyyat Fi Daw’ al-Ma‘ayir al-Mua‘sirah Wa Athar Dhalika Ala Tanmiyat al-Quwwat al-Riyadiyyatiyyah Lada Talamidh al-Marhalat al-Ibtida’iyyah. Al-Mu’tamar al-Ilmiyy al-Sanawiyy al-Sadis. Al-Jam‘iyyat al-Misriyyah Li Tarbawiyyat al-Riyadiyyat. 19-20 Yuliyu.
Abu Ulwan, Rida. 2009. Tatwir al-Ada’ al-Mihaniyy Li Mu‘allimi al-Riyadiyyat Min Manzur al-Ma‘ayir al-Mihaniyyah CTM: Professional Standards 2007. Nadwat al-Manahij al-Dirasiyyah Ru’a Mustaqbaliyyah. 16-18 Maris. Kulliyyat al-Tarbiyah. Jami‘at al-Sultan Qabus. Sultanah Umman.
Abu Zinah, Farid Kamil. 2003. Manahij al-Riyadiyyat al-Madrasiyyah Wa Tadrisuha. Al-Kuwayt: Maktabat al-Falah Li al-Nasr Wa al-Tawzi‘.
Abu Zinah, Farid Kamil. 2010. Tatwir Manahij al-Riyadiyyat al-Madrasiyyah Wa Ta‘limuha. Al-Urdun: Dar Li al-Tiba‘ah Wa al-Nasr Wa al-Tawzi‘.
Atifah, Hamdiyy Abu al-Futuh. 2002. Manhajiyyat al-Bahth al-Ilmiyy Wa Tatbiqatuha Fi al-Dirasat al-Tarbawiyyah Wa al-Nafsiyyah. Misr: Dar al-Nashr Li al-Jami‘at.
Awdah, Rahmah Muhammad & al-Shaqrah Maha Muhammad. 2007. Mustawa Jawdah Kutub al-Riyadiyyat al-Falastiniyyah Fi Marhalat al-Ta‘lim al-Asasiyy Di Daw’ Ma‘ayir NCTM. Al-Mu’tamar al-Ilmiyy al-Tasi‘ Ashar. Tatwir Manahij al-Ta‘lim Fi Daw’ Ma‘ayir al-Jawdah. Al-Qahirah.
Al-Dab‘, Mahmud. 2006. Al-Manaij al-Ta‘limiyyah Sina‘atuha Wa Taqwimuha. Al-Qahirah: Maktabat al-Angelo al-Misriyyah.
Hamburg, Maryanna P. 2009. Financial Mathematical Tasks In A Middle School Mathematics Textbook Series: A Content Analysis. Ph. D. The University of Akron. DIA.
Hay’at al-Ma‘rifah Wa al-Tanmiyat al-Bashariyyah. 2007. Taqrir al-Mu‘allimin Ikhtibar TIMSS. Dubai. www.khda.gov.ae.
Jaddullah, Jaddullah Abu al-Makarim. 2009. Al-Tahsil al-Dirasiyy Fi al-Riyadiyyat Mukawwinatuhu al-Amilyyat al-Ma‘rafiyyah Wa al-Lama‘rafiyyah. Al-Iskandariyyah: al-Multaqa al-Misriyy Li al-Ibda‘ Wa al-Tanmiyah.
Kassab, Sana’ Ishaq. 2009. Mustawa Jawdah Mawdu ‘at al-Handasat al-Mutadamminah Fi Kutub al-Riyadiyyat Marhakat al-Ta ‘lim al-Asasiyy Bi Falastin Fi Daw’ Ma ‘ayir al-Majlis al-Qawmiyy Li Mu ‘allimi al-Riyadiyyat. Risalah Majistir Ghayr Manshurah. Al-Jami ‘at al-Islamiyyah Bi Ghazzah.
Al-Laqqaniyy, Ahmad Husayn & al-Jamal Aliyy Ahmad. 2003. Mu‘jam al-Mustalahat al-Tarbawiyyat al-Ma‘rifiyyah Fi al-Manahij Wa Turuq al-Tadris. Al-Qahirah: Alam al-Kutub.
Al-Ma‘tham, Khalid bin Abdullah bin Salih. 2009. Tawajjuhat Abhath al-Riyadiyyat Di al-Dirasat al-Ulya Bi Jami‘at al-Mamlakat al-Arabiyyat al-Sa‘udiyyah Dirasah Tahlliyyah Li Rasa’il al-Majistir Wa al-Dukturah. Risalah al-Dukturah Ghayr Manshurah. Jami ‘ah Umm al-Qura. al-Mamlakat al-Arabiyyat al-Sa‘udiyyah.
Mikha’il, Najiyy Disqurs. 2005. Madha Ba‘da al-Ma‘ayir Wa al-Mustawayat al-Ma‘rifiyyah. Bahthun Muqaddam Bi al-Mu’tamar al-Ilmiyy al-Sabi‘ Ashar. Manahij al-Ta‘lim al-Amm Wa al-Mustawayat al-Mi‘yariyyah. al-Jam‘iyyat al-Misriyyah Li al-Manahij Wa Turuq al-Tadris. Al-Mujallad al-Awwal. Kulliyyat al-Tarbiyah, Jami‘ah Ayn Shams. 26-27 Yuliyu.
Muhammad, Jamal Hamid. 2000. Athar Dirasat al-Tullab al-Mu‘allamin Li Wihdah Muqtarahah Fi Tahlil al-Muhtawa Ala Maharatihim Fi Tashkhis al-Akhta’ al-Mutadamminah Bi al-Hulul al-Maktubah Li Ba‘d As’ilat al-Riyadiyyat al-Madrasiyyah. Al-Mu’tamar al-Ilmiyy al-Thaniyy al-Dawr al-Mutaghayyir Li al-Mu ‘allim al-Arabiyy Fi Mujtama‘ al-Ghad Ru’yah Arabiyyah. Kulliyyat al-Tarbiyah, Jami‘ah Asyut. 18-20 Abril.
Al-Muhammadiyy, Fahd bin Musa‘id bin Mas‘ud. 2009. Tahlil Mustawa al-Handasah Fi Muqarraray al-Riyadiyyat Li al-Saffayn al-Awwal Wa al-Thaniyy al-Mutawassit Fi al-Mamlakat al-Arabiyyat al-Sa‘udiyyah Fi Daw’ Ma ‘ayir al-Majlis al-Wataniyy al-Amrikiyy Li Mu‘allimi al-Riyadiyyat. Risalah Majistir Ghayr Manshurah. Jami‘ah Umm al-Qura, al-Mamlakat al-Arabiyyat al-Sa‘udiyyah.
Mujahid, Muhammad Utwah. 2008. Thaqafat al-Ma‘ayir Wa al-Jawdah Fi al-Ta‘lim. Misr: Dar al-Jami‘at al-Jadidah.
Al-Munazzamat al-Arabiyyah Li al-Tarbiyah Wa al-Thaqafah Wa al-Ulum. 2010. al-Ta‘lim Ma Ba‘da al-Asasiyy (al-Tahanawiyy) Tatwiruhu Wa Tanwi‘ Masaratihi. Al-Mu’tamar al-Sabi‘ Li Wuzara’ al-Tarbiyah Wa al-Ta‘lim al-Arab. Masqat, Sulatanah Umman. Maris.
Al-Nadhir, Muhammad bin Abdullah. 2005. Mutabaqah Ma‘ayir NCTM Ala Wathiqah Manhaj al-Riyadiyyat Fi al-Mamlakat al-Arabiyyat al-Sa‘udiyyah Li al-Marhalat al-Mutawassiah Fi Majalay al-Handasah Wa al-Qiyas Wa al-Muwa’amah Baynahuma. Bahthun Muqaddam Li al-Mu’tamar al-Ilmiyy al-Sabi‘ Ashar Li al-Jam‘iyyat al-Misriyyah Li al-Manahij Wa Turuq al-Tadris: Manahij al-Ta‘lim al-Amm Wa al-Mustawayat al-Mi‘yariyyah. Al-Mujallad al-Thalith. Jami‘ah Ayn Shams, Misr.
NCTM. 2000. http://standardstrial. nctm. org/document/chapter6/geom.htm.
Sabitan, Fathiyy Dhiyab. 2010. Da‘f al-Tahsil al-Tullabiyy al-Madrasiyy al-Riyadiyyat Wa al-Ulum al-Ammah – al-Asbab Wa al-Hulul”. Amman: Dar al-Janadariyyah Li al-Nasr Wa al-Tawzi‘.
Sa‘id, Rida Mas‘ad & Abd al-Hamid, Nasir al-Sayyid. 2010. Tawkid al-Jawdah Fi Manahij al-Ta‘lim al-Ma‘ayir Wa al-Amaliyyat Wa al-Mukhrijat. Al-Iskandariyyah: Dar al-Ta‘lim al-Jami‘iyy.
Sorto, M.A. 2011. Data Analysis And Statistics In Middle Grad: An Analysis Of Content Standards. School Since And Mathematics. 111(3).
Al-Suwa‘iyy, Uthman Nayif. 2004. Ta‘lim al-Riyadiyyat Li al-Qarn al-Hadiyy Wa al-Ishrin. Al-Imarat al-Arabiyyat al-Muttahidah: Dar al-Qalam Li al-Nasr Wa al-Tawzi‘.
Ta‘imah, Rushdiyy Ahmad. 2004. Tahlil al-Muhtawa Fi al-Ulum al-Insaniyyah. Al-Qahirah: Dar al-Fikr al-Arabiyy.
Al-Wahibiyy, Hafizah bint Yusuf bin Abdullah. 2005. Tahlil Muhtawa al-Handasah Bi Kutub Riyadiyyat al-Ta‘lim al-Asasiyy Fi Daw’ al-Ma‘ayir al-Alamiyyah “NCTM”. Risalah Majistir Ghayr Manshurah. Sultanah Umman: Jami‘at al-Sultan Qabus.
Wizarat al-Tarbiyah Wa al-Ta‘lim. 2007. Dalil al-Mu‘allim Li Maddat al-Riyadiyyat Li al-Saff al-Tasi‘. Sultanah Umman.
Wizarat al-Tarbiyah Wa al-Ta‘lim. 2005. Kitab al-Riyadiyyat Li al-Saff al-Sabi‘. Sultanah Umman.
Zanqur, Mahir Muhammad Salih. 2008. Athar Wihdah Tadrisiyyah Fi Daw’ Qa’imah Ma‘ayir Mushtaqqah Min Ma‘ayir al-Riyadiyyat al-Madrasiyyah al-Alamiyyah al-Tabi ‘ah Li “NCTM” Ala Tanmiyat al-Quwwat al-Riyadiyyah Lada Talamidh al-Saff al-Tahniyy al-I‘dadiyy. Al-Majallat al-Ilmiyyah. Vol. 24. Al-Adad al-Awwal. No. 1. Yanayir.
Published
2019-04-12
How to Cite
Said al Gardani, S. A. (2019). Availability Of Content Standards Of The National Council Of Mathematics Teachers (NCTM): Applied Study In Mathematics Courses For Grades 6, 7 And 8 In Oman: Analytical Descriptive Study. Perdana: International Journal of Academic Research, 4(1), 90-113. Retrieved from http://perdanajournal.com/index.php/perdanajournal/article/view/41