Alternative Evidence Using Forensic Science Towards Sodomy and Tribadism Cases in Syariah Court

Keterangan Alternatif Menggunakan Sains Forensik Terhadap Kes Liwat Dan Musahaqah Di Mahkamah Syariah

  • Muhammad Hazim Ahmad Pelajar Sarjana
  • Ruqayyah Razak Pelajar Sarjana
  • Nurul Syahirah Saharudin Pelajar Sarjana
  • Hendun Abd Rahman Shah Pensyarah Kanan
  • Hasnizam Hashim Pensyarah Kanan
  • Ahmad Syukran Baharuddin Pensyarah Kanan
Keywords: Forensics, LGBT, Sodomy, Tribadism, Evidence

Abstract

Forensic science as a mean of proof in the Syariah Court has begun to be debated by scholars and academicians. This study is carried out to introduce several forensic science methods that can be used as alternative evidence other than confession and witness for the LGBT cases namely sodomy and tribadism. This qualitative study used socio-legal method and library-based research in collecting primary and secondary data. Then, content analysis has been adopted through inductive and deductive reasoning approach to analyse the said data. Findings show that sodomy and tribadism are part of syariah criminal offenses in Malaysia. This study has also found that there are several forensic science methods that can be used as alternative evidence including DNA analysis, physical, biological, chemical analysis, and digital device analysis. This study suggests that the aspect of evidences for LGBT cases in the context of Hukum Syarak and Islamic Law should be emphasized since such studies have not been conducted by previous researchers. Abstrak Sains forensik sebagai salah satu kaedah pembuktian di Mahkamah Syariah telah mula hangat diperbahaskan oleh para ilmuan dan ahli akademik. Kajian ini dijalankan bagi memperkenalkan beberapa kaedah sains forensik yang boleh digunakan sebagai keterangan alternatif selain daripada pengakuan salah dan saksi bagi kes-kes LGBT. Kajian kualitatif ini menggunakan kaedah sosio-perundangan dan kajian kepustakaan dalam mengumpulkan data primer dan sekunder. Kemudian, kaedah analisis kandungan telah diaplikasikan dengan menggunakan pendekatan penalaran induktif dan deduktif untuk menganalisa data-data tersebut. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa liwat dan musahaqah adalah sebahagian daripada kesalahan jenayah syariah di Malaysia. Kajian juga mendapati terdapat beberapa kaedah sains forensik yang boleh digunakan sebagai keterangan alternatif termasuklah analisa DNA, analisa bahan bukti fizikal, biologi, kimia, dan analisa peranti digital. Kajian ini mencadangkan agar aspek pembuktian bagi kes-kes LGBT dalam konteks undang-undang Syariah dan juga Hukum Syarak perlu diberikan penekanan kerana kajian yang sebegini masih belum ada dijalankan oleh pengkaji-pengkaji lepas.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Hazim Ahmad, Pelajar Sarjana
Fakulti Syariah dan Undang-Undang, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Ruqayyah Razak, Pelajar Sarjana
Institut Sains Islam, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Nurul Syahirah Saharudin, Pelajar Sarjana
Fakulti Syariah dan Undang-Undang, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Hendun Abd Rahman Shah, Pensyarah Kanan
Fakulti Syariah dan Undang-Undang, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Hasnizam Hashim, Pensyarah Kanan
Fakulti Syariah dan Undang-Undang, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia
Ahmad Syukran Baharuddin, Pensyarah Kanan
Centre of Research for Fiqh Forensics and Judiciary (CFORSJ), Institut Sains Islam, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia.

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Akta
Enakmen Jenayah Syariah (Negeri Sembilan) 2004.
Enakmen Keterangan Mahkamah Syariah (Negeri Sembilan) 2003.
Enakmen Tatacara Jenayah Syariah (Negeri Sembilan) 2003.


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Zulkifli, M. A.-B. 2018, 5 November. Irsyad Al-Fatwa Siri Ke-266 : Musahaqah (Lesbian) Dan Hukum Berkaitan. Diambil daripada: https://muftiwp.gov.my/ms/artikel/irsyad-fatwa/irsyad-fatwa-umum/2729-irsyad-al-fatwa-siri-ke-266-musahaqah-lesbian-dan-hukum-berkaitan (diakses pada 1 Julai 2019).

Kes
Eddyham bin Zainuddin lwn. Rahimah bt. Muhamad (2015), 40(2) JH 238 (Mahkamah Rayuan Syariah Negeri Sembilan).
Pendakwa Syarie Negeri Sabah lwn. Rosli bin Abdul Japar (2007), 23(2) JH 237 (Mahkamah Tinggi Syariah Keningau Sabah).
Published
2019-12-31