Fundamental Rules Fall Under The Principle Of Precaution: An Analytical Descriptive Study

مبدأ الاحتياط والقواعد الأصولية التي تندرج تحته: دراسة وصفية تحليلية

  • Alsharif Hashim Abdullah Hashim Ph.D Student
  • Mushaddad Hasbullah Senior Lecturer
Keywords: Principle, Precaution, Fundamental, Haram, Halal

Abstract

The paper discusses the principle of precaution and the fundamental rules that fall under it. The problem with the emergence of the jurisprudence of precaution versus what was common in the late times of jurisprudence facilitation, to avoid falling into haram, when mixing halal and haram. So linking weighting statements of jurists is necessary. So the article aims to discuss the fundamental rules related to the precautionary principle. Through the analytical descriptive approach and the deductive approach; five fundamental rules were discussed that call for the introduction of the principle of precaution: I‘ta’ al-mawjud hukm al-ma‘dum wa i‘ta’ al-ma‘dum hukm al-mawjud; sad al-dhari‘ah; idha ijtama‘a al-halal wa al-haram ghuliba la-haram, al-khuruj min al-khilaf and al-istishab.

ملخص البحث

تناقش الورقة مبدأ الاحتياط والقواعد الأصولية التي تندرج تحته. المشكلة في بروز فقه الاحتياط مقابل ما شاع في الأزمنة المتأخرة من فقه التيسير، تفادياُ من الوقوع في الحرام، حين يختلط الحلال بالحرام. فأصبح ربط الترجيح بأقوال الفقهاء مطلب ضروري. لذا تهدف المقالة إلى مناقشة القواعد الأصولية ذات الصلة بمبدأ الاحتياط. من خلال المنهج الوصفي التحليلي والمنهج الاستنباطي، نوقشت خمس قواعد أصولية تدعوا للأخذ بمبدأ الاحتياط، هي: قاعدة إعطاء الموجود حكم المعدوم، وإعطاء المعدوم حكم الموجود، وقاعدة سدّ الذرائع، وقاعدة إذا اجتمع الحلال والحرام غلب الحرام، وقاعدة الخروج من الخلاف، وأخيراً قاعدة الاستصحاب.

 

Author Biographies

Alsharif Hashim Abdullah Hashim, Ph.D Student

Faculty of Shariah and Law (FSU), Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)

Mushaddad Hasbullah, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Shariah and Law (FSU), Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)

References

Abdullah bin Ibrahim. N.d. Manhaj al-Taysir al-Mu‘asir. Al-Mansurah: Dar al-Hady al-Nabawiyy.
Ahmad al-Murtada. 1400H. Sharh al-Azhar. N.pl: Dar Safa’.
Ahmad Al-Zarqa’. 1983. Sharh al-Qawa‘id al-Fiqhiyyah. Beirut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islamiyy.
Al Taymiyyah, Abd al-Salam bin Abd al-Halim. N.d. al-Musawwadah Fi Usul al-Fiqh. Al-Qahirah: Dar al-Madaniyy.
Al-Albaniyy, Muhammad Nasir al-Din. 1985. Mukhtasar Irwa’ al-Ghalil. Beirut: Dar al-Maktab al-Islamiyy.
Al-Amidiyy, Aliyy bin Abi Aliyy bin Muhammad. 1980. Al-Ihkam Fi Usul al-Ahkam. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Al-Asnawiyy, Abd al-Rahim bin al-Hasan. 1400H. al-Tamhid Fi Takhrij al-Furu‘ Ala al-Usul. Beirut: Mu’assasat al-Risalah.
Al-Ashqar, Umar Sulayman. 1999. Nazarat Fi Usul al-Fiqh. Amman: Dar al-Nafa’is Li al-Nashr Wa al-Tawzi‘.
Al-Baghawiyy, Abu Muhammad al-Husayn bin Mas‘ud al-Farra’. 1983. Sharh al-Sunnah. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islamiyy.
Al-Bahutiyy, Mansur bin Yunus. 1402H. Kashshaf al-Qina‘. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
Al-Bahutiyy, Mansur bin Yunus. 1390H. Al-Rawd al-Murbi‘. Al-Riyad: Maktabat al-Riyad al-Hadithah.
Bani Kinanah, Ashraf. 2005. Al-Adillat al-Isti’nasiyyah Inda al-Usuliyyin. Amman: Dar al-Nafa’is.
Al-Bashrawiyy, Abd al-Wahhab bin Muhammad. 1412H. al-Wafiyah Fi Usul al-Fiqh. Iran: Majma‘ al-Fikr al-Islamiyy.
Al-Bazdawiyy, Aliyy bin Muhammad. N.d. Usul Al-Bazdawiyy (Kanz al-Wusul Ila Ma‘rifat al-Usul). Karachi: Matba‘ah Jawed Baris.
Al-Bukhariyy, Abd al-Aziz. 1994. Kasf al-Asrar An Usul Fakhr al-Islam al-Bazdawiyy. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-Arabiyy.
Al-Bukhariyy, Muhammad bin Isma‘il. N.d. al-Jami‘ al-Sahih al-Mukhtasar (Sahih al-Bukhariyy). Beirut: Dar Ibn Kathir.
Al-Ghiryaniyy, al-Sadiq bin Abd al-Rahman. 2002. Tatbiqat Qawa‘id al-Fiqh Inda al-Malikiyyah. Dubai: Dar al-Buhuth Li al-Dirasat al-Islamiyyah Wa Ihya’ al-Turath.
Al-Hindawiyy, Hasan bin Ibrahim. 2004. Al-Ijtihad al-Istishabiyy. Beirut: Mu’assasat al-Risalah.
Ibn Abd al-Salam, Abu Muhammad Izz al-Din al-Salmiyy. N.d. Qawa‘id al-Ahkam Fi Masalih al-Anam. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Ibn Abd al-Salam, Abu Muhammad Izz al-Din al-Salmiyy. 1416H. al-Qawa‘id al-Sughra (al-Fawa’id Fi Ikhtisar al-Maqasid). Dimashq: Dar al-Fikr al-Mu‘asir.
Ibn Abd al-Barr al-Andalusiyy. 1993. Al-Istidhkar al-Jami‘ Li Madhahib Fuqaha’ al-Amsar. Beirut: Dar Qutaybah.
Ibn Qudamah. 1984. Al-Mughniyy. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
Ibn Atiyyah Al-Andalusiyy, Abd al-Haqq bin Ghalib. 1982. Al-Muharrar al-Wajiz Fi Tafsir al-Kitab al-Aziz. Al-Maghrib: Matbu‘at Wizarat al-Awqaf Wa al-Shu’un al-Islamiyyah.
Ibn Hazm, Aliyy bin Ahmad al-Andalus. 1981. Al-Ihkam Fi Usul al-Ahkam. Beirut: Dar al-Afaq al-Jadidah.
Ibn Hazm, Aliyy bin Ahmad al-Zahiriyy. N.d. al-Muhalla. Beirut: Dar al-Afaq al-Jadidah.
Ibn Hibban, Muhammad Al-Bastiyy. 1993. Sahih Ibn Hibban. Beirut: Mu’assasat al-Risalah.
Ibn Farhun, Ibrahim. 1995. Tabsirat al-Hukkam Fi Usul al-Aqdiyah Wa al-Ahkam. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Ibn Kathir, Ismail bin Umar al-Dimashqiyy. 1401H. Tafsir Ibn Kathir. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
Ibn Muflih, Muhammad al-Maqdisiyy. Al-Furu‘. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Ibn Muflih, Ibrahim bin Muhammad. Al-Hanbaliyy. Al-Mubdi‘. Beirut: Maktabat al-Abikan.
Ibn al-Qayyim, Muhammad bin Abi BAkr bin Ayyub. 1973. I‘lam al-Muwaqqi‘in. Beirut: Dar al-Jabal.
Ibn al-Subkiyy, Abd al-Wahhab bin Abd al-Kafiyy. 1411H. al-Ashbah Wa al-Naza’ir. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Ibn Taymiyyah, Ahmad bin Abd al-Halim. 1982. Kutub Wa Rasa’il Wa Fatmawati Ibn Taymiyyah Fi al-Fiqh. N.pl: Maktabah Ibn Taymiyyah.
Ibn Taymiyyah. 1398H. Majmu‘ al-Fatawa. Beirut: Matabi ‘ Dar al-Arabiyyah.
Ibn Taymiyyah. 1982. Al-Qawa‘id al-Nuraniyyat al-Fiqhiyyah. N.pl: Idarah Tarjuman al-Sunnah.
Ibn Taymiyyah, Ahmad al-Harraniyy. 1413H. Sharh al-Umdah Fi al-Fiqh. Al-Riyad: Maktabat al-Abikan.
Ilyas Bilka. 2003. Al-Ihtiyat Haqiqatuhu Wa Hujjiyyatuhu Wa Ahkamuhu Wa Dawabituhu. Beirut: Mu’assasat al-Risalah.
Al-Kaluzaniyy, Mahfuz bin Ahmad al-Hanbaliyy. N.d. al-Tamhid Fi Usul al-Fiqh. N.pl: N.pb.
Al-Kandiyy, Abd al-Razzaq Abdullah Salih. N.d. al-Taysir Fi al-Fatwa Asbabuhu Wa Dawabituhu. Risalah Majistir.
Malik bin Anas al-Asbahiyy. N.d. Muwatta’ al-Imam Malik. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ al-Turath al-Arabiyy.
Al-Mardawiyy, Aliyy bin Sulayman. N.d. al-Insaf Fi Masa’il al-Khilaf. Beirut: Dar Ihya’ al-Turath al-Arabiyy.
Muhammad Hamid, Uthman. 1999. Al-Qamus al-Qawim Fi Istilahat al-Usuliyyin. Al-Qahirah: Dar al-Hadith.
Muhammad al-Rukiyy. 2000. Nazariyyat al-Taq‘id al-Fiqhiyy Wa Atharuha Fi Ikhtilaf al-Fuqaha’. Beirut: Dar al-Safa’.
Munib bin Mahmud Shakir. 1998. Al-Amal Bi al-Ihtiyat Fi al-Fiqh al-Islamiyy. Al-Riyad: Dar al-Nafa’is.
Al-Nawawiyy, Muhyiddin al-Din. 1996. Al-Majmu‘. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
Al-Qarafiyy, Ahmad bin Idris. 2001. Al-Dhakhirah Fi Furu‘ al-Malikiyyah. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Al-Qarafiyy, Ahmad bin Idris. 1997. Al-Furuq Wa Anwar al-Buruq Fi Anwa’ al-Furuq. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Al-Qarafiyy, Ahmad bin Idris. 1995. Nafa’is al-Usul Fi Sarh al-Mahsul. Al-Baz: Maktabah Nazzar al-Baz.
Al-Qarafiyy, Ahmad bin Idris al-Malikiyy. 1404H. al-Umniyyah Fi Idrak al-Niyyah. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Al-Qurtubiyy, Muhammad bin Ahmad al-Ansariyy. 1993. Al-Jami‘ Li Ahkam al-Qur’an. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Al-Sa‘d, Abdullah bin Abd al-Rahman Al-Sa‘d. 2013. Al-Taysir Bayna al-Mashru‘ Wa al-Mamnu‘. Al-Sa‘udiyyah: Dar al-Muhaddith.
Al-Salabiyy, Usamah Muhammad. 2002. Al-Rukhas al-Shar‘iyyah Ahkamuha Wa Dawabituha. Al-Iskandariyyah: Dar al-Iman.
Al-Sam‘aniyy, Mansur bin Muhammad. 1997. Qawati‘ al-Adillah Fi al-Usul. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Al-Shafi‘iyy, Muhammad bin Idris. N.d. al-Umm. Beirut: Dar al-Ma‘rifah.
Al-Sharbiniyy, Muhammad al-Khatib. N.d. Mughniyy al-Muhtaj. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
Al-Shawkaniyy, Muhammad bin Aliyy. 1405H. al-Sayl al-Jarrar. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Al-Shiraziyy, Ibrahim Aliyy. N.d. al-Muhadhdhab. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
Al-Subkiyy, Aliyy bin Abd al-Kafiyy. 1404H. al-Ibhaj Bi Sharh al-Minhaj. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Al-Suyutiyy, Abd al-Rahman bin Abi Bakr. N.d. al-Ashbah Wa al-Naza’ir. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.
Uthman bin Shata al-Bakriyy Abu Bakr Al-Dumyatiyy. N.d. I‘anat al-Talibin. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
Published
2019-08-12
How to Cite
Abdullah Hashim, A. H., & Hasbullah, M. (2019). Fundamental Rules Fall Under The Principle Of Precaution: An Analytical Descriptive Study. Perdana: International Journal of Academic Research, 5(1), 25-45. Retrieved from http://perdanajournal.com/index.php/perdanajournal/article/view/75