Publication Ethics


(Perdana: International Journal Of Academic Research statement based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors) 

Perdana: International Journal Of Academic Research is dedicated to presenting, promote, enhance and contribute in publishing original academician research, postgraduates research, seminar papers, case studies and book reviews related to the field of Social Sciences and Humanities.

The Editorial Board is responsible for preventing publication malpractice. Unethical behavior is unacceptable and Perdana does not tolerate plagiarism in any form.  Authors who submit articles to the Perdana affirm that manuscript contents are original. Submission also implies that the manuscript has not been published previously in any language, either fully or partly, and is not currently submitted for publication elsewhere.  


  1. Publication Decisions: The editors of the journal is responsible for deciding to accept or reject the manuscripts or can send it for modifications.
  2. Review of Manuscript: The editor ensures that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the editor, who may make use of appropriate means, to examine the originality of the contents of the manuscript. After the manuscript passes this test, it is forwarded to at least one reviewer for blind peer review, and will make a recommendation to publish the manuscript in its present form or to modify or to reject it. The review period will be no more than 30 days.
  3. Fair Review: The editor ensures that each manuscript received is evaluated on its intellectual content without regard to authors’ sex, gender, race, religion, citizenship, etc.
  4. Confidentiality: The editor must ensure that information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is kept confidential.
  5. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: The editor can not use unpublished materials, disclosed in submitted manuscript.


  1. Confidentiality: Manuscript reviewers, the editor and the editorial staff must not disclose any information regarding submitted manuscripts. All submitted manuscripts are to be treated as privileged information.
  2. Acknowledgement of Sources: Reviewers of manuscripts must ensure that authors have acknowledged all sources of data used in the research. Any similarity or overlap between the considered manuscripts, or with any other published paper, which is in personal knowledge of reviewer, must be immediately brought to the editor’s notice.
  3. Standards of Objectivity: Review of submitted manuscripts will be conducted objectively. The reviewers shall express their views clearly, with supporting arguments.
  4. Promptness: If a reviewer believes it is not possible for him/her to review the research reported in a manuscript within the designated guidelines, or within stipulated time, he/she should notify the editor, so that the accurate and timely review can be ensured.
  5. Conflict of Interest: All reviewers should have no conflict.


  1. Reporting standards: Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
  2. Originality: Authors must ensure that their work is entirely original.
  3. Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publications: Authors should not concurrently submit the same manuscript for publishing to other journals. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
  4. Acknowledgement of Sources: Author(s) should acknowledge all sources of data used in the research and cite publications that have influenced their research.
  5. Authorship of the Paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
  6. Data Access and Retention: Authors should retain raw data related to their submitted paper, and must provide it for editorial review, upon request of the editor.
  7. Disclosure of Financial Support: All sources of financial support, if any, should be disclosed.
  8. Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her submitted manuscript, the author must immediately notify the editor.