The Crime Of Electronic Forgery In Islamic Law & UAE Law

جريمة التزوير الإلكتروني في الشريعة الإسلامية والقانون الإماراتي

  • Abeer Ahmed Mohammed Alhemeiri Ph.D Student
  • Ahmad Syukran Baharuddin Senior Lecturer
Keywords: Crime, Electronic, Forgery, Penalties, Documents

Abstract

The study aims to identify the Crime of Electronic Forgery in Islamic Law & UAE Law. The researcher used the descriptive analytical approach. The study has resulted in many results, the most important of which is that that modern technological means are being used heavily in the development of new techniques, in order to enable criminals to falsify and exploit documents and edits to obtain their own interests. In addition to enable others to obtain an illegal benefit, or to deprive others of their rights guaranteed by law as long as they have the documents for the preservation of those rights. The study also indicated that electronic forgery in Islamic law is evident in many acts, the most important of which are: lying, perjury, and forgery. As well, the study proved that the UAE legislator has been keen to set deterrent penalties to prevent any manipulation of government documents, so that modern technological means may not be used to falsify documents and editors, by issuing decree No. 5 of 2012 on combating IT crimes and amendments. The results of the study also indicated that the UAE legislator mentioned in decree No. 5 law of 2012 on combating IT crimes and amendments, the crime images of electronic forgery in UAE law. Namely the publication or use of a forged electronic certification, forgery of electronic signature, and forgery of credit card.

ملخص البحث
هدف الدراسة إلى التعرف على جريمة التزوير الإلكتروني في  الشريعة الإسلامية والقانون الإماراتي، وقد استخدمت الباحثة المنهج الوصفي التحليلي، حيث أسفرت الدراسة عن عدد من النتائج، أهمها أن الوسائل التكنولوجية الحديثة يتم استعمالها بشكل كبير في تطوير تقنيات جديدة لتمكين المجرمين من تزوير الوثائق والمحررات واستغلالها للحصول على مصالحهم الخاصة، أو تمكين الأخرين من الحصول على منفعة غير قانونية، أو حرمان الآخرون من حقوقهم التي يكفلها لهم القانون طالما يملكون المستندات الخاصة بالحفاظ على تلك الحقوق، كما أشارت الدراسة إلى أن إن التزوير الإلكتروني في الشريعة الإسلامية يتضح في العديد من الأفعال ومن أهمها: الكذب، وشهادة الزور، والتزييف، وقد أثبتت الدراسة أيضًا أن المشرع الإماراتي قد حرص على تحديد عقوبات رادعة لمنع أي تلاعب بالمستندات الحكومية، فلا يجوز أن يتم استخدام الوسائل التكنولوجية الحديثة في تزوير المستندات والمحررات، وذلك عن طريق إصداره للمرسوم بقانون رقم 5 لعام 2012م بشأن مكافحة جرائم تقنية المعلومات وتعديلاته، كما أشارت نتائج الدراسة إلى أن المشرع الإماراتي ذكر في المرسوم بقانون رقم 5 لعام 2012م بشأن مكافحة جرائم تقنية المعلومات صور التزوير الإلكتروني في القانون الإماراتي، وتتمثل في نشر أو استخدام شهادة تصديق إلكتروني مزورة، وتزوير التوقيع الإلكتروني، وتزوير البطاقة الائتمانية.

Author Biographies

Abeer Ahmed Mohammed Alhemeiri, Ph.D Student

Faculty of Syariah and Law, University Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)

Ahmad Syukran Baharuddin, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Syariah and Law, University Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)

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Published
2022-04-01
How to Cite
Mohammed Alhemeiri, A. A., & Baharuddin, A. S. (2022). The Crime Of Electronic Forgery In Islamic Law & UAE Law. Perdana: International Journal of Academic Research, 13(1), 10-33. Retrieved from http://perdanajournal.com/index.php/perdanajournal/article/view/142