Elements Of Tourism In Sirah Nabawiyyah: Analysis On Al-Rahiq Al-Makhtum By Safi Al-Rahman Al-Mubarakfuri

Elemen-Elemen Pelancongan Dalam Sirah Nabawiyah: Analisis Terhadap Kitab Al-Rahiq Al-Makhtum Karangan Safi Al-Rahman Al-Mubarakfuri

  • Abdul Wahab Md Ali Pensyarah
  • Wan Mohd Yusof Wan Chik Profesor Madya
  • Ahmad Wafee Sulaiman Pensyarah
  • Muhammad Hafizuddin Ghani Pensyarah
Keywords: Tourism, Traveling, Settling, al-Rahiq al-Makhtum, Recreation

Abstract

Abstract
The World Tourism Organization (WTO) defines tourism as any activity that involves the process of traveling and settling in a place that is outside from their residency for less than a year, whether for recreational, business or other purposes. This general definition is seen to be very consistent with the concept of tourism in Islam which is summarized in certain terms such as al-siyahah, al-rihlah, al-safar and al-ziarah. In the context of Islamic history and civilization, tourism activities based on the definition mentioned earlier are not something new. In fact, it has been existed for ages and become part of lifestyle by Prophet Muhammad SAW and the Muslim community in the past. Thus, this study will focus on the elements of tourism that exist in the sirah of the Prophet SAW in general. This qualitative study was made with reference to a sirah book entitled “al-Rahiq al-Makhtum” by Safi al-Rahman al-Mubarakfuri. The information obtained will be analyzed inductively, deductively and comparatively by comparing to the elements of tourism in modern world. As a result, the study found that the tourism elements in prophet’s history are divided into two main elements. The first main element of travel aims for recreation, namely the event of isolation in Hira’ cave and the event of Israk Mikraj. Second, a non-recreational element such as job hunting, bussiness, religious activity, security guarantees, grave pilgrimage, quest of knowledge, hajj, umrah, messengers and marriage. An in-depth understanding of the elements of tourism based on Prophet's sirah is an important effort to elevate his legacy as a role model in all matters even in tourism activities.

Abstrak
Pertubuhan Pelancongan Dunia mendefinisikan pelancongan sebagai sebarang aktiviti yang melibatkan proses kembara dan menetap di sesebuah tempat yang berada di luar persekitaran mereka dalam tempoh kurang setahun sama ada bertujuan rekreasi, perniagaan atau tujuan-tujuan lain. Definisi yang umum ini dilihat sangat menepati konsep pelancongan dalam Islam yang dirangkumkan dalam istilah tertentu seperti al-siyahah, al-rihlah, al-safar dan al-ziarah. Dalam konteks sejarah dan peradaban Islam, aktiviti pelancongan berasaskan definisi yang disebutkan tadi bukanlah sesuatu yang asing. Bahkan ia telah wujud sekian lama serta menjadi sebahagian dari gaya hidup Nabi SAW dan masyarakat Islam silam. Justeru kajian ini akan menumpukan terhadap unsur- unsur pelancongan yang wujud dalam sirah Nabi SAW secara umum. Kajian berbentuk kualitatif ini dibuat dengan merujuk kepada kitab sirah al-Rahiq al-Makhtum karangan Safi al-Rahman al- Mubarakfuri. Maklumat-maklumat yang diperolehi kemudian dianalisis secara induktif dengan menjadikan unsur-unsur pelancongan yang wujud dalam dunia moden sebagai satu perbandingan. Hasilnya, kajian mendapati bahawa elemen pelancongan dalam sirah nabawiyyah oleh dibahagikan kepada dua elemen utama. Pertamanya elemen kembara yang bertujuan rekreasi iaitu peristiwa pengasingan diri di Gua Hira dan peristiwa Israk Mikraj. Kedua, elemen kembara yang tidak bersifat rekreasi seperti mencari pekerjaan, perniagaan, agama, jaminan keselamatan, ziarah kubur, menuntut ilmu, haji, umrah, menghantar utusan dan perkahwinan. Pemahaman yang mendalam terhadap unsur-unsur pelancongan dalam sirah nabawiyyah ini penting dalam usaha menjadikan Baginda sebagai suri teladan dalam segenap urusan hatta dalam aktiviti pelancongan.

Author Biographies

Abdul Wahab Md Ali, Pensyarah

Pusat Pengajian Teras, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Wan Mohd Yusof Wan Chik, Profesor Madya

Felo Penyelidik Institut Penyelidikan Produk dan Ketamadunan Melayu Islam, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Ahmad Wafee Sulaiman, Pensyarah

Kolej Universiti TATI (TATIUC)

Muhammad Hafizuddin Ghani, Pensyarah

Pusat Pengajian Teras, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

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Published
2021-04-01
How to Cite
Md Ali, A. W., Wan Chik, W. M. Y., Sulaiman, A. W., & Ghani, M. H. (2021). Elements Of Tourism In Sirah Nabawiyyah: Analysis On Al-Rahiq Al-Makhtum By Safi Al-Rahman Al-Mubarakfuri. Perdana: International Journal of Academic Research, 10(1), 1-11. Retrieved from https://perdanajournal.com/index.php/perdanajournal/article/view/110

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