Facing Iran's Threats Of Closure The Strait Of Hormuz In The Light Of Principles Under International Law

مواجهة التهديدات الإيرانية بإغلاق مضيق هرمز في ضوء أحكام القانون الدولي

  • Saeed Salem Khalifa Salem Almazrouei Ph.D Student
  • Hendun Abd Rahman Shah Senior Lecturer
  • Nor Fadhilah Mohamed Ali Senior Lecturer
  • Mualimin Mochammad Sahid Senior Lecturer
Keywords: Iran, Threats, Strait, Hormuz, Law

Abstract

This research aims to study the application of the principles of international law relating to Iran's threat to the closure/blockage of the Strait of Hormuz through using the descriptive and analytical method. This research will highlight the importance of the Strait of Hormuz for international navigation, especially after the discovery of oil in the Persian Gulf. Respecting freedom of navigation in the strait is provided in the transit passage provision, as a principle established in international law. This is crucial to ensure continuous and expeditious passage of ships across the strait without barriers or stops. The international law also stipulates the rights and obligations to which coastal states are bound to follow, in accordance to Article 41 of the 1982 United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The provision provides that coastal states may designate sea lanes and prescribe traffic separation schemes for navigation in straits.

ملخص البحث

يهدف هذا البحث إلى دراسة تطبيق مبادئ القانون الدولي المتعلقة بتهديد إيران لإغلاق/حصار مضيق هرمز من خلال استخدام المنهج الوصفي التحليلي، وسيبرز هذا البحث أهمية مضيق هرمز للملاحة الدولية، خاصة بعد اكتشاف النفط في الخليج الفارسي، واحترام حرية الملاحة المنصوص عليها في نظام المرور العابر، كمبدأ منصوص عليه في القانون الدولي، وهذا أمر بالغ الأهمية لضمان مرور السفن باستمرار وبسرعة عبر المضيق دون حواجز أو توقف، كما ينص القانون الدولي على الحقوق والالتزامات التي تلتزم بها الدول الساحلية، وفقا للمادة (41) من اتفاقية الأمم المتحدة لقانون البحار لعام 1982م، وينص الحكم على أنه يجوز للدول الساحلية أن تحدد الممرات البحرية وتحدد مخططات فصل حركة المرور للملاحة في المضائق.

 

Author Biographies

Saeed Salem Khalifa Salem Almazrouei, Ph.D Student

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Hendun Abd Rahman Shah, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

Nor Fadhilah Mohamed Ali, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia. 

Mualimin Mochammad Sahid, Senior Lecturer

Faculty of Syariah and Law, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia

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Published
2021-04-01
How to Cite
Almazrouei, S. S. K. S., Abd Rahman Shah, H., Mohamed Ali, N. F., & Mochammad Sahid, M. (2021). Facing Iran’s Threats Of Closure The Strait Of Hormuz In The Light Of Principles Under International Law. Perdana: International Journal of Academic Research, 10(1), 43-66. Retrieved from https://perdanajournal.com/index.php/perdanajournal/article/view/114